Gang Resistance Education and Training

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Administered by:

US Federal Government Agency (see all agencies)
Department of Treasury
CFDA #: 21.053

Purpose of this program:

To help prevent youth crime, violence and gang association while developing a positive relationship among law enforcement, families, and our young people to create safer communities.

Possible uses and use restrictions...

Law enforcement agencies can only use the funds provided to administer the G.R.E.A.T. Program. This includes providing G.R.E.A.T. training for law enforcement officers and the purchasing of materials and supplies for the implementation of the program.

Who is eligible to apply...

All State, county, tribal and municipal law enforcement agencies in the United States and U.S. Territories.

Eligible Applicant Categories:
Eligible Functional Categories:

Agency head must enter into the agreement with ATF's Cooperative Agreement Officer.

Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.

About this section:

This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy. For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree, 3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible. Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they must satisfy.

Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs, the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.

How to apply...

Application Procedure:

Application forms are available annually for down load from the G.R.E.A.T. Program web site ( or will be mailed upon request. Application forms may be obtained by contacting the G.R.E.A.T. Program Branch at 1-800-726-8080. Application for financial assistance shall be made on ATF Form 6410.1 Gang Resistance Education and Training Funding Application, OMB #1512-0548.

Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.

Award Procedure:

Applicants are notified by mail 30 to 60 days after the beginning of each Federal fiscal year. Following notification, a cooperative agreement packet or a grant packet with additional paperwork will be mailed to the recipients of the awards. The cooperative agreements and the grants take effect during the month of January in the new fiscal year.

Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check. Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office, or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.

Deadlines and process...


Applications must be received on or before September 13th, 2002.

Note: When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received. When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Applicants are notified by mail 30 to 60 days after the beginning of each Federal fiscal year. The total approval/disapproval time could take up to six months.

Preapplication Coordination

None. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Note: This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.


Not applicable.

Note: In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).


All applicants must annually compete for funds.

Note: In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.

Who can benefit...

All State, county, tribal and municipal law enforcement agencies in the United States and U.S. Territories.

About this section:

This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.

What types of assistance...

Project Grants

The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects. Project grants can include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, and construction grants.

How much financial aid...

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

The possible range of assistance is $500,000 to $3,500. Award amounts vary depending on community population size and funding appropriated by congress.

Note: This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.


(Support and Services) FY 02 $17,601,171; FY 03 est $9,781,385; and FY 04 est $16,000,000.

Note: The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.

Account Identification


Note: Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program. This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.

Examples of funded projects...

Funds are to be used for the administration of the G.R.E.A.T. Program only.

About this section

This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.

Program accomplishments...

As of March 15, 2002, approximately 5,865 officers from 1,736 agencies, representing 50 States, D.C., Puerto Rico, Canada, and military personnel from overseas bases have been trained to present the core curriculum in elementary and middle school classrooms. Almost 3.2 million children have been trained with the G.R.E.A.T. curriculum. For fiscal year 2001, more than 394,000 children received G.R.E.A.T. certificates for completing the program. In addition, the G.R.E.A.T. Program trained 987 officers at five different sites. There were 225 agencies selected to receive Federal funding for their programs for Fiscal Year 2002. In FY 2001, $15.2 million was awarded to 182 recipients.

Criteria for selecting proposals...

Applicants are evaluated on a variety of criteria in order to determine funding. The applicants standing in the FBI's Uniform Crime Report, the number of children to which the applicant teaches the G.R.E.A.T. Program, other programs applicants have in place that could reinforce the program goals and the applicant's participation in the national administration of the program are all taken into consideration. A more detailed description of the point system assigned to the various criteria can be found in the Federal Register.

Assistance considerations...

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Cooperative agreements are effective for one year, after which applicants must re-compete for funds.

Formula and Matching Requirements

There are no matching requirements for this program.

A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.

Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.

In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.

Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.

Post assistance requirements...


Applicants are required to submit a progress report and request for reimbursement every quarter.

Note: This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.


Reviews will be conducted by ATF personnel as needed to ensure correct usage of funds.

Note: This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency. The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133. These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year, as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period, rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).


Agencies are required to maintain a system of standardized records for inspection or disclosure.

Note: This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require. Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office. For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C. For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.



Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act of 2002.

Note: This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).

Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature

Funding guidelines and criteria are published annually in the National Federal Register. Information on the program can be obtained by contacting the G.R.E.A.T. Program Headquarters office. A cross-sectional evaluation of the program can be found in the National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, November 1997 issue, "National Evaluation of G.R.E.A.T." by Finn- Aage Esbensen and D. Wayne Osgood.

Contact information...

Web Sites
Regional Or Local Office

The G.R.E.A.T. Program currently has five regional offices that are each run by a local law enforcement agency. The offices and contacts are: The Southeast Region, Lieutenant Brett Meade, Orange County Sheriff's Department, 2400 W. 33rd Street, Orlando, Florida 32839, 407-836-3740; The Northeast Region, Sergeant Steve Naughton, Philadelphia Police Department, Care of: Holiday Inn, 10th and Packer Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19148, 215-683-1871; The Midwest Region, Lieutenant Raj Ramnrace, La Crosse Police Department, 400 La Crosse Street, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, 608-789- 8202; The Southwest Region, Sergeant Wayne Bensfield, Phoenix Police Department, 620 West Washington Street, Phoenix, Arizona 85003, 602-495- 0432; The Northeast Region, Ms. Merilee Laurens, Portland Police Department, 449 NE Emerson, Portland, Oregon 97211, 503-823-2078.

Note: This section lists the agency contact person, address and telephone number of the Federal Regional or Local Office(s) to be contacted for detailed information regarding a program such as: (1) current availability of funds and the likelihood of receiving assistance within a given period; (2) pre-application and application forms required; (3) whether a pre-application conference is recommended; (4) assistance available in preparation of applications; (5) whether funding decisions are made at the headquarters, regional or local level; (6) application renewal procedures (including continuations and supplementals) or appeal procedures for rejected applications; and (7) recently published program guidelines and material. However, for most federal programs, this section will instruct the reader to consult the so-called Appendix IV of the Catalog due to the large volume of Regional and Local Office Contacts for most agencies. This information is provided in Additional Contact Information (see below).

Headquarters Office

For further information, contact Christine Schneider Keyser, G.R.E.A.T. Branch; Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, P.O. Box 50418, Washington, DC 20091-0418, (1-800-726-7070 extension 73127); or by sending electronic mail (E-mail) to:, or visit the G.R.E.A.T. website at

Note: This section lists names and addresses of the office at the headquarters level with direct operational responsibility for managing a program. A telephone number is provided in cases where a Regional or Local Office is not normally able to answer detailed inquiries concerning a program. Also listed are the name(s) and telephone number(s) of the information contact person(s) who can provide additional program information to applicants.

Additional Contact Information (Appendix IV)

Due to the large volume of regional and local office contacts for most agencies, full contact information is also provided separately here in a PDF format: